Joe Gill

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Joseph "Joe" Gill
Biographical information
Born: July 13, 1919
Died: December 17, 2006
Nationality: Mini usa.gif American
Occupation: Writer
Website: N/A


Joseph "Joe" Gill (July 13 1919 - December 17 2006) was an American magazine writer and highly prolific comic book scripter. Most of his work was for Charlton Comics, where he co-created the superheroes Captain Atom, Peacemaker, and Judomaster, among others.

Biography

Early life and career

Born in Scranton, Pennsylvania, Joe Gill began writing for comic books for the New York City-based Timely Comics, the first predecessor of Marvel Comics, during the 1940s period fans and historians call the Golden Age of comic books. The vast majority of his work went unsigned, both in the manner of that time and during his staff-writing position at one company from the 1950s to 1980s, making a comprehensive bibliography difficult or impossible to compile. In addition, Gill's Timely stories were actually written, often pseudonymously for Funnies, Inc., an outsource "packager" that created comics on demand for publishers testing the waters of the then-new medium. His earliest confirmed credit is the one-page text story "Following Orders" in Novelty Press' Target Comics vol. 8, #11 (#89), cover-dated January 1948.

As Gill recalled his start in the business, via his brother, Ray Gill, "My brother was an editor at Funnies, Inc., an editorial service that packaged comics for publishers. They put publisher [publisher] [Martin] Goodman — who [owned] Marvel later — into comics, and did the first [comics] in my brother's office".[1] Gill is reportedly among the writers who scripted Captain America for Timely following the departure of character creators Joe Simon and Jack Kirby in late 1941.[2]

Around this time, Gill met future hardboiled detective novelist Mickey Spillane, a lifelong friend, who also began writing for Funnies, Inc. Following military service in World War II as a U.S. Navy radio operator — in which according to family lore Gill's ship was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine and Gill's signaling for help amid the sinking led to the rescue of many hands[3] — Spillane and Ray Gill insisted Joe go into freelance writing with them.

When superheroes fell out of favor in the post-war years, Gill began scripting teen-humor, Western and other genre comics for Timely. Following an industry downturn around 1948, he eventually found his way to the low-budget comic-book publisher Charlton Comics, based in Derby, Connecticut.

Charlton Comics and the Silver Age

There, beginning in the early 1950s, Gill became the company's primary staff writer for the next thirty years. He was known for his speed, often finishing a full-length comics script in a day and writing as much as an estimated 100 to 125 pages a week across a number of genres, from crime fiction to science fiction, romance to war stories.[4] [5] Superheroes were a minor part of Charlton; Gill created one of its first, Zaza the Mystic. He also did colorist work for the company.

In 1960, as the industry was returning to superheroes for what would become known as the Silver Age of comic books, Gill and the soon-to-be-legendary co-creator of Marvel Comics' Spider-Man, Steve Ditko, created the astronaut-turned-atomic-hero Captain Atom in the sci-fi anthology title Space Adventures #33 (March 1960). The character would eventually become a stalwart of the DC stable, as would Blue Beetle, an old Fox Comics superhero revived by Gill and artists Bill Fraccio and Tony Tallarico as a campy, comedic character in Blue Beetle #1 (June 1964). In 1967, Charlton editor Dick Giordano introduced he company's "Action Hero" superhero line, with new characters that included Gill and artist Pat Boyette's The Peacemaker as well as Gill and company art director Frank McLaughlin's Judomaster. In other areas, he collaborated with Ditko on the giant-ape series Konga and on the movie-spinoff series Gorgo.

Later life and career

When Giordano was hired at industry leader DC Comics in 1969, he commissioned scripts from Gill for such titles as The Secret Six and the toy-license property Hot Wheels. After Giordiano left DC in the mid-1970s, Gill returned to Charlton. There, among his other work, he and artist John Byrne co-created the post-apocalyptic series Doomsday + 1 (1976-1977), the first series-creator credit for future industry-star Byrne.

In 1983, Gill wrote two stories featuring Secret Agent X-9 for King Features Syndicate. These stories were illustrated by Jack Sparling and only saw print in European comic books.

When Charlton Comics ceased publication in 1986, Gill retired from comic-book scripting save for an occasional freelance story for DC. His final recorded credit is as one of the colorists on the small-press superhero comic Ebony Warrior #2 (June-July 1993), published by Ania. He appeared as a guest, with fellow Charlton alumni Willie Franz and Sam Glanzman, at a New York City comics-convention panel, broadcast Nov. 21, 2000, on the WBAI radio show 'Nuff Said![6]

Gill, who suffered from complications from a fall at the Shady Knoll Health Center in Seymour, Connecticut, and who in the last part of his life spent much time at the Doyle Senior Center, playing pool in the morning and poker in the afternoon, died of undisclosed causes at age 87 in Seymour. There was no funeral, according to his wishes, and his only surviving relative, niece Carol Anderson, took his ashes to a cemetery in Bridgeport, Connecticut, where his wife and son are buried.

Awards

  • 1974 Shazam Award — Best Writer (Humor Division)[7]

Legacy

Comics historians regularly consider Gill a top contender as the comic-book field's most prolific writer. Per historian and columnist Mark Evanier, Gill "wrote a staggering number of comics. There are a half-dozen guys in his category. If someone came back and said he was the most prolific ever, no one would be surprised".[8]

Phantom work by Joe Gill

Stories

Charlton stories

# Title Writer Artist
1 "A Small War" Gill Boyette
2 "Canyon of Death" Gill Boyette
3 "The Silent Thieves" Gill Boyette
4 "The Ritual" Gill Boyette
5 "The False Mark" Gill Boyette
6 "The Second Phantom" Gill Boyette
7 "Slave of Beauty" Gill Boyette
8 "The Idol" Gill Boyette
9 "Deadly Foe" Gill Boyette
10 "The Keeper of the Herd" Gill Boyette
11 "Who Needs Enemies?" Gill Boyette
12 "Prey of the Hunter" Gill Boyette
13 "Test of an Idol" Gill Boyette
14 "Paid in Full" Gill Boyette
15 "The Rain Stopper" Gill Boyette
16 "To Right a Wrong" Gill Boyette
17 "Danger in Bengali" Gill Boyette
18 "Death from Far Away" Gill Boyette
19 "Return of the Ruby" Gill Boyette
20 "Phantom and John Paul Jones" Gill Boyette
21 "The Cave of Kings" Gill Boyette
22 "The Last of the Cat" Gill Boyette
23 "The Vanishing Thieves" Gill Boyette
24 "Nest of the Man-Eaters" Gill Boyette
25 "The False Skull Cave" Gill Boyette
26 "Soundless Voices" Gill Boyette
27 "The Vapors of Vulcan" Gill Boyette
28 "The Man of Destiny" Gill Boyette
29 "The Hostage" Gill Boyette
30 "A Better Way" Gill Boyette
31 "The Intruders" Gill Boyette
32 "The Fire Gods" Gill Boyette
33 "No Gratitude" Gill Boyette
34 "The Lost Legion" Gill Boyette
35 "A Broken Vow" Gill Boyette
36 "Captive King" Gill Boyette
37 "The Treasure Room" Gill Boyette
38 "Lost in the Land of the Lost" Gill Boyette
39 "A World Away" Gill Boyette
40 "Revenge of the Singh Pirates" Gill Boyette
41 "The Looters" Gill Boyette
42 "The Phantom Meets the Do-Gooders" Gill Boyette
43 "The Outlaw's Herd" Gill Boyette
44 "Killers in the Mist" Gill Boyette
45 "The Angry Gods" Gill Boyette
46 "Master of Evil" Gill Boyette
47 "The Black Blight" Gill Boyette
48 "A Far-Off Drum" Gill Boyette
49 "A Thief in the Night" Gill Boyette
50 "Jungle Madness" Gill Boyette
51 "The Nazi Phantom" Gill Boyette
52 "The Chief Who Went Astray" Gill Boyette
53 "The Phantom Fails" Gill Boyette
54 "Taking His Medicine" Gill Boyette
55 "The Swamp of Death" Gill Boyette
56 "Diana's Ransom" Gill Boyette
57 "Prisoner on Shark Island" Gill Boyette
58 "The Despoilers" Gill Boyette
59 "Caught in the Devil's Cauldron" Gill Boyette
60 "Duel with Death" Gill Bolle
61 "The Web of Fear" Gill Bolle
62 "Goldbeard the Pirate" Gill Sherwood
63 "Triumph of Evil" Gill Newton
64 "The Shining City" Gill Sanchez
65 "Man in the Shadows" Gill Sherwood

Team Fantomen stories (remakes)

# Title Writer Artist
1 "The Pygmy Ruby" Gill Eralp ¤
2 "The Man in the Swamp" Gill Eralp ¤
3 "The Cave of Kings" Gill Eralp ¤

References

  • Joe Gill interview, Comic Book Artist #9 (Aug. 2000), pp. 22-24
  • Comic Book Artist #9 (Aug. 2000): "The Charlton Comics Story: 1945-1968"
  • Comic Book Artist #12 (March 2001): "The Charlton Comics Story: 1972-1983"



Wikipedia-logo.png This article, in the version of January 20, 2007, includes information from Wikipedia: Joe Gill.